Organic Agriculture: An Ecological Boon
There are many undesputable benefits of shifting from the conventional farming system to an organic organic food production system. Agriculture, as of today, contributes primarily to environmental pollution, from the uncontrolled usage of chemical pesticides and fertilizers retaining in the soil, to a massive land degradation and loss of rich natural habitats. Some of the farmer’s production methods are practiced for years and it is not without deterrence, much of these methods have stripped off the soil its natural moisture and nutrients thus a decline in production and more susceptibility to diseases. With an increasing number of population, the ecological consequences of agriculture are aided by a shift to an organic system wherein rather than disrupt the natural cycle, it is stimulated through research based technologies and time tested practices and is encouraged to be utilized in the long run i.e. improved composting facilities, use of concoctions to induce soil nutrients, use of biological controls for pests.
The ecological upturn of organic farming practices is evident with the sustainability that it offers in the long run. Soil improvement practices encouraged by organic practitioners such as crop rotations, intercropping, cover crops, use of organic fertilizers and minimun tillage are just a few of the many integrated approach to encourage soil fauna and flora, improve soil formation and structure and nutrient retention. Moreover, as water pollution becomes uncontrollable in many agricultural areas due to an ever increasing use of chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers replaces and eradicates the risk of polluting groundwater and other water reserves and a shift to organic approach is perceived as a restorative approach to water resources.
One of the pressing concern in the future of organic agriculture is its constant battle with climate change. Through the years, efforts are being made to develop technologies and put innovations to good use as producers thrive to reduce non-renewable energy use by decreasing agrochemical needs. Practices observed in organic agriculture aims to mitigate greenhouse effect and global warming through its ability to sequester carbon in the soil. Hence, the more organic carbon is retained in the soil, the greater the impact of agriculture in mitigating climate change. Furthermore, the effect of climate changing has a greater scope than before, as climate is crucial in many life forms, biodiversity is also at risk. Diverse combinations of plants and animals enhance nutrient and energy cycle for agricultural production. Farmers of organic agriculture, on the other hand, is making sure that traditional, adapted breeds and open pollinated varieties are preferred for a greater resistance to diseases and a proven resilience to climate change. As organic agriculture impacts the natural resources by enhancing interactions within the agro-ecosystem, conservation is seen as the end result, thus an advantage for the generations to come.