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Development and Validation of Organic based Production and Pest Management of Selected Vegetables

 

Executive Summary

            The project entitled “Development and Validation of Organic Based Production and Pest Management of Selected Vegetables” was implemented at U.P.L.B College of Agriculture in partnership with an NGO who is into organic farming advocacy in Malvar Batangas. A benchmark workshop was conducted involving practitioners in the academe (BSU, CLSU and UPLB), regulatory agencies like OCCP and BPI and farmer partners of Dr. Pio A. Javier who during that time has a project funded by PCARRD on Organic Pest Management. From this workshop, the project leaders developed an interim treatment for the Traditional/Farmers’ practice Treatment while the Conventional/Commercial and Organic Treatments were based on recommended practices by government programs and SUC practices.

            Initial validation was done at the UPLB_CES (CSC Vegetable Crop Division assigned area). The Organic Treatment made use of a portion of the experimental plot that has not been planted or used in any production or experimental activities for the last 3 years. Small plot experiments on component technologies for pest management were also done simultaneously and incorporated the subsequent off campus trial.

            The final treatments for validation and techno demonstration were as follows; A. Conventional/Recommended Practices (recommended herbicide, reflectorize Silver Mulch, recommended pesticides (insecticide and fungicides), FPA registered inorganic and organic foliar fertilizer sprays B. Traditional/Farmers’ Practices (herbicide for weed control, straw mulch, insecticides and fungicides for pest control, combination of organic and inorganic fertilizer) C. Organic Treatment (Rice straw mulch and hand weeding, botanical plants powders for bacterial wilt and botanical sprays for leafhoppers and defoliators, EARWIG AND Trichogramma for Lepidopterous larval pests and bagging for fruit flies of Ampalaya. A 3 cropping seasons (one and half year), was set up at the SAGE. (Sustainable Agriculture Enterprise) in San Pedro Malvar Batangas was done to validate the technology and showcase to SAGE partner organizations and farmer groups. In addition, a season ender open house and harvest festival followed by technical seminar for technology updating was also done on site.

            At the end of the project, an earwig mass production set up was put up at SAGE and initial colonies of earwig were provided to the offices of the MAO of Tanauan and Malvar BAtangas for their respective organic farmer partners. Before the project ended, the project also linked up with the Tanauan Organic and Natural Farmers’ Association (TONFA) gave them training on earwig mass propagation. These were however all blown out by typhoon Glenda and the recipients farmers now were relying on natural populations in their respective farms. At least the awareness that there are still natural population of beneficials in their farms is good indicator that they have assimilated the biological control concept.

            One significant accomplishment of the project is the continued delivery of organic farming tips (production management and pest management) as we get them from practitioners and advocates the nationwide radio/Tv program of DZMM SA KABUKIRAN where the co project leader was engaged as a co-anchor every Saturday episode.

            Finally, it may be worthwhile for DA BAR to continue funding projects developing alternative pest control technologies and maybe institutional or private sector led mass production of biological control agents. The pest management for organic agriculture still need much investment of time and resources to truly claim a successful adoption of organic farming in the Philippines.