Participatory Breeding and Seed Production on Organic Vegetables
Participatory plant breeding is a close collaboration between various stakeholders: breeders, farmer-producers, marketers, consumers, and people who work for food, its availability nutrition and health. PPB is developed from a plant breeding program to improve a species (Michigan State University, 2001).
PPB is multiple-pronged in its objectives-first, to develop new, improved varieties that show promise through its yield capacity, acceptability in the market, and its resistance/tolerance capacity in adverse conditions; secondly, to enhance farmer skills in selection and breeding process and in seed production; to increase production and profitability; and lastly, to provide benefits to specific or broad range of users.
This study which began last 2012 was implemented in Regions 4A, 4B, 8 and 12, led bu UPLB through the Institute of Plant Breeding in collaboration with PAES-DA RFU 4B, RIARC-DA 8, and RIARC-DA RFU 12.
The project focused in landraces found in the region which are collected and maintained by farmer-cooperators in the project, breeding lines relevant in the region, breeding materials from organic breeding projects, materials from organic breeding projects and potentials varieties developed by the proponents. These were evaluated through on-station trials, on-farm trials and selection through participatory process and, eventually, selection from relatively stable and advanced lines. Farmer-cooperative were also trained on selection process and seed production using low input organic cultivation. All selections were further purified by breeders and farmer-participants as well.